chess attack strategy, chess force article is part 4 of the chess
glossary at gamerisms.
This article is designed for chess players
who want to learn more than simply basic playing techniques.
In the opening, the forces have marched up to battle array. Then, in
touch with each other, they come into collision.
How is the intelligent player to conduct a campaign that is approaching
men, at the start so obstructed, are now free to move about.
Possibilities for chess attack strategy and defense are almost
out of the multitude of possibilities, is the player to select the
right move or, at least, a move that is good, according to his/her
present level of development?
Chess Attack Strategy: Connection and Plan
His first consideration should be that his moves, to be intelligent,
must involve Connection and Plan.
A disconnected move is one made with little thought about future moves
or possible scenarios made by the opposition.
suggests as being in the nature of a trap, to the opposition, but it is
a hastily made move. If the opponent is taken unawares the scheme
succeeds, but should the opponent see the hastily made move for what it
is, the attempt recoils on the schemer.
Here then we begin to see that Force is a concept that needs to be
included in any chess attack strategy.
Of two players that are ready for a battle, one is entitled to gain the
upper hand that has the most force behind it.
principle is fundamental. If your experience does not conform to it,
not the principle but your application of it is at fault.
In that case, you have to review your valuation of the forces engaged
and be on guard for mistakes.
your strategy was precise, the weaker side cannot gain a lasting
success. An initial success may happen-but not a lasting success. Such
is the nature of force.
Chess Attack Strategy: Force and Effect
Strange as it may seem, the human mind
has taken a long time to learn how to apply the concept of force to
chess. The mistake committed was to confuse chess force and effect.
is composed of two factors, one of them being effect, the other one a
thing susceptible to effect. An effect and a target combined make a
As an example, a moving Queen is capable of many
effects, but if the hostile men are protected even the Q is dependent
upon the co-operation of other pieces in order to extend force.
position, as a rule, contains elements strongly susceptible to effects.
The technical term for such an element is a “weak” point or “weakness.”
Thus, the position of the King is weak when aggressors find few
obstructions in the K’s quarter, and a player discerns a “weak point”
in the opponents camp when he sees that the opponent cannot launch
a chess attack at a piece placed in that point.
If that point is
occupied by a man that shows strong chess force from that position in
relation to his other pieces, it is said to have a “strong point.”
Weakness may be moving or stationary.
A concentration of effect on a
weakness will pay only if that weakness is stationary, for otherwise,
by moving the weakness, the concentrated affect would hit an empty spot
and therefore be wasted.
Stationary weaknesses are, a King who can
no longer castle and is defended by relativity few pieces, or to whom
access is easy; a pinned piece, a piece of little movement.
For instance, one which has been shut in, or whose movement would
entail heavy loss, or in a frequent case, a blocked pawn.
or temporary weaknesses, such as a moving but unprotected man, or a
piece of high value on a point easily accessible, may also be taken
advantage of, but by a different process than that used to attack a
weak piece due to the lack of movement.
To attack a temporary weakness merely to make the power of ones pieces
manifest is bad play.
The chess attack strategy is useful only when with the same move or
advantage is gained.
instance, when a chess attack on several moving weaknesses is
simultaneously done. The defender then has the hard task of escaping
from several perils, and has only one move to do this.
A task solvable only by counter chess attack against some momentary
weakness of his attacker.
Chess Attack Strategy
: The rule that implies this is simple.
the pieces captured on a point represent higher value than the pieces
lost in the struggle on that point, the attacker achieves an advantage
on that point.
Most often the number of pieces captured shows how much of an advantage
the chess attacker has achieved, but not always.
If the King is checkmated the attacker may sacrifice any number of
pieces to achieve that outcome, and still end up ahead.
a Queen and sometimes a Rook are of so high a value that capturing them
is sufficient compensation for the loss of several men.
pieces involved in the chess attack and defense are of equal value, the
player must count the number of threats directed against a point, in
order to decide whether the chess attack against the upper point has
succeeded in gaining the upper hand or not.
Even if the chess attack strategy achieves a worthwhile advantage, it
may not be
the best strategy to make the attack immediately.
attacker may bring additional force to bear on the stationary weakness
and end up with an advantage as well, but he must not strike while
he maintains this advantage.
And he must consider whether
the reserve force that he can use against the weakness is as great
as or greater than the reserve force that the defender can bring up in
the same time.
The conception of value is bound up with that force, which again
implies effect and weakness.
may change the rules of chess, enlarge the board, increase the number
of men, vary their degree of movement, do all this to any extent and
yet the above reasoning will apply. This concept shows that we have
something that is useful beyond the narrow limits of chess.
Chess Attack Strategy: Judgement of the Master
absolute perfection does not exist, this method can be executed only
with the ideal perfect master rather than a strong player. The
judgment of the master has authority.
The written and printed word
of the master should be consulted. Thus, our own advancement can be
helped by taking advice from masters. But we should not wholly rely on
advice and examples and need to develop our own style from practice.
If we abandon our judgment in favor of authority then we cease to have
In that case, the student is bound to make mistakes, because he needs
judgment to understand the master.
on the other hand, he stubbornly maintains his right to use
his own judgment, he keeps the springs of his creative
thoughts alive and is one of the few that can bring innovation to the
game of chess.
Chess Attack Strategy part 4, go to Chess Game Balance, part 5