Basketball was invented in 1891 by Dr. James Naismith who was a professor at the YMCA. Two peach baskets were nailed to either end of the gymnasium, the object being to get the ball into the basket for your team.
Basketball today is a team sport that pits two teams against each other with a goal or hoops on each end. Basketball is played on a court, typically made of wood, measuring 94 X 50 feet for the NBA=National Basketball Association. Five players representing each team take to the floor to play with up to ten basketball players on each bench.
Basketball is the fastest growing sport in the world, mainly due to the simplistic nature of the game and the minimal and inexpensive equipment needed to play. The only equipment necessary to play is a ball and a hoop/basket.
At the end of the game, after four quarters or two halves depending on the league, a winner is determined by highest points scored. In the instance of a tie, overtime periods are played until one team leads in scored points when time has expired.