Cricket, also known as the gentlemen's game, was first played in the 16th century in England. A bat and ball are the two major components used to define the sport.
Cricket is played between two teams where each team consists of eleven players performing various roles. Cricket action is on a circular or oval shaped grounds and the centre is the location of the 22-yard cricket pitch. This pitch has a major role in determining the outcome of the match as judged by two on-field umpires.
The British took the game of cricket around the globe. In 1877, the first test match between England and Australia was played at Melbourne. Cricket was included for the first time in the Summer Olympics in 1900 but due to the length of a match, it was removed.
The International Cricket Council=ICC and the Marylebone Cricket Club=MCC maintain the rules of cricket also known as the Laws of Cricket.