Chess Strategy Games Terms Part 3

Chess Strategy Games Terms is part 3 of chess gamerisms. Chess players, veteran and new players alike, will likely agree that this skill game belongs in the strategy games category.

Chess Strategy Games Terms: E - F

  • En Passant: is when a pawn has advanced to the fifth square, and the oppositechess strategy games terms player pushes a pawn two squares forward as his first move, the other pawn has the privilege of capturing him in passing. In other words, the pawn that has passed over the square guarded by the advancing pawn is liable to be captured just as if it has moved only one square. Or it may be allowed to remain, at the option of the other player. A pawn is the only piece that can use this move.
  • En Prise: a piece attacked by another is said to be en prise or in danger of being taken.
  • Escape Square: available square that avoids an attack.
  • Flank or the Wing: refers to the queenside or kingside.
  • Forced Move: when a player can only make one single move.
  • Forfeit: loss of the game due to running out the clock or absence.
  • Fortress: placement strategy preventing the opposing player from penetration
Chess Strategy Games Terms: G - I
  • Gambit Move: is a term derived from the Italian used when a piece or pawn is purposely abandoned by the player who has the first move. There are various kinds of Gambits, like the Kings Gambit. The pawn sacrificed is called the Gambit Pawn.
  • Grandmaster: next to World Champion, the highest title/goal for a chess player.
  • Heavy Piece/Major Piece: rook or queen.
  • Interpose: to bring a piece between your King, when in check, and the attacking piece. Additionally, this term is used when you cover your opponents attack on any other piece with one of your own.
  • Isolated Pawn: a pawn standing alone without the protection of another pawn or piece.
Chess Strategy Games Terms: J - L 
  • J`Adoube: term used when a player touches a piece or pawn without the intention of moving it. It means, 'I adjust or replace.'
  • Kick: move by pawn to attack an opponent’s piece with the goal of forcing a move.
  • Kingside: beginning lineup of game where kings are at side of the board.
  • Line: opening for a bishop, rook or queen to control squares by a move.
Chess Strategy Games Terms: M - P
  • Man: term used for a chess piece other than a pawn.
  • Mate: abbreviation for checkmate.
  • Mating Attack: goal is to checkmate the opponent’s king.
  • Minor Exchange: a bishop in exchange for a knight.
  • Minor Pieces: the Bishop or Knight.
  • Passed Pawn: is when a pawn has advanced to the opposite edge or square of the chessboard and can then be exchanged for all other pieces, except a King.
  • Passive or Inactive Piece: moves/controls only limited number of squares.
  • Pin: to be in the position of exposing a high value piece by moving another chess piece.
  • Poisoned Pawn: so named because this unprotected chess piece, if captured, could result in the loss of the game.
  • Promotion: pawn advancement resulting in a bishop, rook, knight or queen conversion.
  • Protected Passed Pawn: occurs when this piece is support by a second pawn.
  • Push: pawn moved forward.
Chess Strategy Games Terms: Q - S
  • Queening a Pawn: is when a passed pawn is usually exchanged for a Queen.chess strategy games terms
  • Queenside: beginning lineup of game where queens are at side of the board.
  • Quiet Move: neither attacks or captures an opponent’s chess piece.
  • Rank and File: as the pieces stand on the board at the start of the game. They are in two ranks, the horizontal rows of squares are called Ranks, and the vertical squares Files.
  • Resign: lose the game or ‘throw in the towel.’
  • Royal Fork: between king and queen.
  • Skewer: attack on a high value piece forcing a move to escape capture, thereby providing an opening to a lesser piece that may be taken.
  • Smothered Mate: a term employed when the King is surrounded by his own men and he cannot escape the attack of the adverse Knight.
  • Space: number of squares controlled by a player. The player with the most squares is defined as possessing a spatial advantage.
  • Stalemate: position of the King in which, though not in check, he cannot move without going into check.  Stalemate is a drawn game. However, that stalemate is not affected while the player attacked has any other piece or pawn to move in a chess game.
Chess Strategy Games Terms: T - Z
  • Top board: player chosen to go up against the best opposing player.
  • Touched Piece Rule: occurs when a player touches a piece and in turn must move that specific chess piece. Also, should a player touch an opponent's piece, he/she is required to capture it if possible.
  • Trap or Swindle: the act of luring an opponent to play a losing move.
  • Weak Square: is not easily defended by an attack.
  • Winning the Exchange: when you take a Queen for a Rook, etc.
From Chess Strategy Games Terms, go to part 4 Chess Attack Strategy
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